The European Union defines Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) as “an approach that anticipates and assesses potential implications and societal expectations with regard to research and innovation, with the aim to foster the design of inclusive and sustainable research and innovation” and it is from the HORIZONTE 2020 framework programme onwards that it has achieved its own prominence within the “Science with and for society (SWAFS)” objective. RRI focuses on the need for society’s involvement in scientific and innovation processes from their earliest stages. The European Commission has provided more concrete policy guidance in the form of six political agendas that should promote RRI:
Therefore, Open science is a new approach to the scientific process based on cooperative work (between researchers and/or non-research staff) and new ways of disseminating knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools (European Commission 2016). It represents a change of attitude, a paradigm shift, in the life cycle of science in order to facilitate the publication and communication of scientific knowledge.
The following are the Responsible Research and Innovation actions that the IdISSC has been developing over the last few years:
Participation through crowdfunding
Humanisation of health care in the HCSC